In order to deliver nebuliser therapy, the following equipment is required:
This is the driving force which enables a nebuliser to convert the medicine to a gas. The compressor forces air through the drug solution into the nebuliser chamber where it is converted into fine mist, which is breathed in through a mask or a mouthpiece.
The nebuliser chamber is where the liquid medication is placed. There are different types of chambers depending on the type of medication prescribed. For example, some medications such as antibiotics require a special type of nebuliser chamber – in this case special instructions will be provided.
Tubing is used to get air from the compressor to the bottom of the nebuliser chamber.
Your clinician will recommend either a mouthpiece or a face mask, depending upon which is most suitable to deliver nebuliser therapy.
A mouthpiece is most commonly used, as it prevents the medicine from getting into the eyes or causing irritation. You will then need to connect it to the nebuliser chamber, place between the teeth and seal using their lips while inhaling the medicine.
Alternatively, you may be advised to use a face mask. This is usually recommended for patients with severe breathing problems or a child. A face mask is placed over the mouth and nose and kept in place by a head strap.